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Bhakti Kaal in poetry

Bhakti Kaal in poetry



Hindi literature consists of four broad styles. These styles are Bhakti (devotional), Shringar (beauty), Veer Gatha (extolling brave warriors), and Adhunik (modern). When it comes to Bhakti Kaal, this time period combined Hindu and Muslim elements into Hindi literature and poetry. Keep on reading to find out more about Bhakti Kaal.

The devotional period, or Bhakti Kaal, lasted from 1375 to 1700. During this period, Bhakti had a significant impact on the development of Hindi Literature. 



Most Hindi literature was composed in two dialects, Avadhi and Brij Bhasha, during Bhakti Kaal.



There were numerous prominent poets during Bhakti Kaal. Let’s get to know about them. 




 Sant Surdas: He was known for his work that praised Lord Krishna. His writings were mainly in Brij Bhasha. 


See Also


  • Awake, Krishna, awake the lotus-petals open the water-lilies droop the bumblebees have left the creepers cocks crow, and birds chirp on the trees. The cows are in the byre lowing; they run after their calves; the moon fades before the sun. Men and women arise and joyfully sing their songs; Krishna, his hands lotus-like awake, for the day is about to dawn. Shri Nanddas Ji was deeply immersed in the love of Shri Krishna and became very proficient in composing nectarine texts about the divine pastimes. He was skilled in rhetoric and singing, and his heart was full of love and devotion.  Parmananda Das was a poet from Ashtachap and a disciple of Vallabhacharya. Baal-Bhav, Kanta-Bhav, as well as Dasya-Bhav are some of the poems that he wrote. Meera Bai: Many of her compositions are still sung in India today as devotional songs (bhajans), but nearly all of them are philosophical in nature. “Paayoji Maine Ram Ratan Dhan paayo” remains one of her most popular compositions.

  1. Kutban: Kutban was a famous Sufi poet of Hindi who composed a love poem named ‘Mrigavati’ in 1503 AD in the tradition of Maulana Dawood’s Chandayan. The story of ‘Mrigavati’ draws on an older folk tale.

  1. Malik Mohammad Jayasi: He wrote 25 works. Jayasi’s most famous work is Padmavat (1540), A poem describing the story of the historic siege of Chittoor by Alaudin Khilji in 1303. In Padmavat, Alauddin attacks Chittor after hearing of the beauty of Queen Padmavati, the wife of King Ratansen. 

  1. His other important works include Akhrawat and Akhiri Kalaam. He also wrote Kanhavat, based on Lord Krishna. 

Let us know your thoughts about the prominent poets and poetry of the Bhakti Kaal in the comments below. Also, were you aware of this period and the poets? 

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