Dry fruits are considered an essential delicacy to keep oneself healthy. Here are the 7 most common nuts that you must know about!
Cashew: this delicacy enjoyed by many is a seed of the cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale). It is native to Central America and is popularly known as “Kaju” in India. These white looking dry fruits have a mild taste. Cashews are extremely rich in zinc, copper and magnesium, reducing the chances of a heart attack. The shell of the seeds is used to produce lubricants. The seed of cashew is used to make cashew butter and cashew cheese because of its creamy texture.
Almond: It is a significant dry fruit because of its high nutrition value that makes it necessary for the brain. Almond is basically a seed, obtained from the drupe-fruit of the almond tree (Prunus amygdalus). This tree is native to Iran. It is commonly known as “Badam” in India. The brown-coloured seed we see is a result of shelling of the fruit, and it is sold both shelled or unshelled. It is used to make almond milk, a good source of protein and almond oil. It is extremely rich in Vitamin E.
Raisin: A fruity yet sweet berry looking dry fruits, raisins are obtained by drying the grapes and are either eaten raw or after putting them in water overnight. They vary from big black grape to golden-coloured dried grape called sultana. Smaller, dark-coloured and seedless grape is called currant. They are extensively produced in many parts of the world and are commonly known as “Kishmish” in India. They are extremely rich in glucose and fructose and has zero cholesterol level.
Pistachio: These pastel pinkish-green coloured dry fruits are a part of the cashew family. These are obtained from the dupe fruit of the pistachio tree (Pistacia vera). Pistachios are commonly known as “Pista” in India. This delicacy is enjoyed either raw because of its sweet taste or is even roasted sometimes. This seed is very rich in oleic acid and various antioxidants. It is considered as the fruit of the heart because of its anti-inflammation properties.
Walnut: These are widely known as the nut for the brain, because of its close structural resemblance to it, this nut is actually a seed obtained after the drying of the thick shell of its fruit, which is obtained from any tree of the genus Juglans. Popularly known as “Akhrot” in India, it is famous for its subtle taste, and buttery consistency and is extremely rich in omega-3s, antioxidants, minerals, and fibre. It promotes a healthy gut, reduces the risk of diabetes, and its oil is proved to be extremely essential for the hair.
Foxnut: These starchy, chewy, and almost bland in flavour nuts, are actually seeds of a flowering plant in the water-lily family called Euryale ferox, a native of Asia. These are white-coloured ball-shaped, with black spots, and are popularly known as “Phool Makhana” in India because of their lightweight. This delicacy is mostly enjoyed when roasted, with salt as it becomes crunchy and is low in calories. It has no saturated fat. Thus it is widely consumed for weight loss.
Dry Dates: These are a delicacy in the Arabian countries. It is actually a fruit of the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera). It is widely cultivated for this sweet fruit. This brown coloured, wrinkly, seeded and berry-like fruit is, popularly known as “Khajoor” in India. They are rich in carbs, minerals and vitamins. Thus, dry dates are considered as a superfood and an excellent natural sweetener.
Dry fruits were considered as the treasure in the ancient world. They were buried along with the bodies of Egyptian Kings as a treasure!
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A creative soul with a zeal to know the why & how behind everything and anything, I am Bhavyaa Aggarwal a foodie by heart & an optimistic by will.