Kiwifruit or just Kiwi, as it is known today, remains one of the most commercially successful fruits of the World. Trace-down the development of Kiwi as a Commercial Fruit, one-step at a time.
1. Native to the Chinese Province of Eastern Coast and a Valley in the North, Yang Tao was the wild vine fruit, cultivated minutely a few hundred years ago.
2. As the fruit was naturally available, the people of China were barely excited about the trade of this fruit.
3. In the 1840s, Royal Horticultural Society of London, studied the plant specimens for the first time, elaborating on the dried material brought by Society’s Agent.
4. Experiments were begun by the Europeans in the 1900s and seeds developed into plants after 9-10 years. EH Wilson sent the Yang Tao’s seeds back to England from Hupeh Province of Yangtze Valley.
5. Europeans changed the name of the plant to the Chinese Gooseberry due to its inner-shade and taste.
6. The seeds reached the native land of Kiwi Birds, New Zealand, in 1906. After around 4 years of cultivation, the fruit was visible on some of the vines.
7. Soon the commercial plantings began in New Zealand. By the 1940s, hundreds of vines were bearing the fruit in the North Island.
8. With the name of Kiwifruit, this Chinese Edible was marketed and became exceptionally popular amidst the American Servicemen. These Servicemen were made to stand in New Zealand during the time of the Second World War.
9. The exporting of the fruit began in 1953. Interestingly, along with North America, Parts of Australia, Europe, Scandinavia and the UK, the fruit was sent to the native land of the fruit as well, that is, China.
10. The seeds, along with the Kiwi Plants, were soon distributed to the US, Australia, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Australia.
11. In 1982, the New Zealand Kiwifruit Authority requested and ceased the exportation of the Kiwi Plants to lessen the competition.
And the rest is history! And that’s how the Yang Tao of China became a Kiwifruit of the World. The seeds, along with the Kiwi Plants, were soon distributed to the US, Australia, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Australia.
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A creative soul with a zeal to know the why & how behind everything and anything, I am Bhavyaa Aggarwal a foodie by heart & an optimistic by will.