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Best Indian Cultural Art of Mauryan Period

Best Indian Cultural Art of Mauryan Period

Mauryan Art

Mauryan art is art created between 322 and 185 BCE during the Mauryan Empire, which was the first empire to control most of the Indian subcontinent. 

It was a watershed moment in Indian art since it symbolized the transition from wood to stone. It was a royal art that Mauryan kings, particularly Ashoka, supported. The most notable survivors include pillars, stupas, and caverns.

mauryan art stupas

What is post-Mauryan art?

In the second century BCE, major Brahmanical sects such as the Vaishnavas and Shaivas began to emerge. time. The best sculptures can be seen in a variety of locations, with significant growth in rock-cut architecture. Sculpture reached its pinnacle in the post-Mauryan period.

Types of art during the Mauryan period

During the Mauryan period, Coomaraswamy distinguished between court art and more popular art. The pillars and capitals represent court art, while some stone pieces and numerous small terracotta works represent surviving popular art. Mauryan polish refers to the highly polished surface of court sculpture.

Colosseums and stone sculptures developed in the Mauryan period, following the Harappan civilization. Pillars, sculptures, rock-cut architecture, and stupas, viharas, and chaityas were used for various functions.

Historical art

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Ashoka, the Great Mauryan king, adopted Buddhism (as part of the shramana tradition). During his reign, there was a flurry of Buddhist missionary activity, which paved the way for the emergence of Mauryan sculptural and architectural styles. In the third century BCE, King Ashoka favored the shramana tradition.

war of mauryan era

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In contrast to Achaemenid pillars, Mauryan pillars were primarily monolithic. The foundations of Mauryan civilization are all the same. For foundations, chunar stone made up the structure.

mauryan Pillars

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The Lion Capital, a Mauryan pillar capital found at Sarnath and now our national symbol, is considered one of the foremost pieces of Mauryan sculptural heritage.

See Also

The lion capital

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Literature (including poetry, theatre, and tale) and the visual arts are three sorts of traditional classifications within the arts.


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Yaksha and Yakshi are two of the most well-known sculptures from the Mauryan period. All three religions — Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism – used them as objects of veneration. Yakshi appears for the first time in the Tamil literature Silapathikaram.

If I were to describe it in my terms, then art is a form of expression for imaginative or technical skill. It creates a finished result, a thing. Art encompasses a wide range of human activities involving the production of visual and performance artifacts and the expression of the author’s artistic imagination. A work of artwork is a finished piece of art that is viewed by others.

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