When the Constitution of India got completed, soon after, Republic Day came into being. Remember celebrating it in the school on “Desh mera rangeela” or watching the republic parade on DD National?
Being the longest in the world, it will be hustle-bustle to know about the Constitution of India. But, do not worry, we got your back with a sweet summary of its journey.
- The Indian Constitution
- The longest handwritten law book in the world
- Consist of 448 articles divided into 25 parts
- The Constituent Assembly
- Made on 29 August 1947.
- This drafting committee of Indian Law-Book saw Dr BR Ambedkar as its chairman (Father of the Indian Constitution).
- The Original Indian Constitution
- Handwritten in both Hindi and English.
- Signed by every member of the Constituent Assembly.
- Writing The Indian Constitution
- Handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in an elegant flowing italic style calligraphy.
- Each page is uniquely decorated by the artist Shantiniketan, along with Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose
- The Final Draft Of The Indian Constitution
- The final draft took 2 years, 11 months, 18 days.
- After a lot of debates and discussions, the final draft was released after the 2000 amendments.
- Indian Constitution Borrowed Provisions
- The Constitution of India is also described as a “bag of borrowings” as it borrowed all the good points of other law books.
- France (the French Revolution): Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity (Ideals appear in the Preamble of India)
- Russia (USSR): the Five Year Plans (FYP) concept
- Ireland: the Directive Principles (socio-economic rights)
- USA (from their Preamble): “We the people” and the Fundamental Rights.
- But, later in Article 31 of our Constitution, the ‘Right to Property’ was one of the fundamental rights deleted (the 44th Amendment).
- The Completion of The Indian Constitution
- Drafting was completed on 26 November 1949.
- The Final Draft was approved on 24 January 1950 with 284 signatures (by 284 members of the Constituent Assembly).
- After two months, on 26 January 1950, The Constitution of India was legitimately enforced (celebrated as Republic Day).
- Among the 284 members, 15 were women.
To make a constitution for an overly “elaborate” country like India must have been an annoying task. Moreover, everyone and anyone could send their suggestions to the committee! Maybe, that’s the reason behind its “elaborated” nature, which gives this book its coolest feature: rigid yet flexible.
Considered as the most successful law books, the Constitution of India has gone through more than a hundred amendments. Still, it is accepted by the public of the second most-populated and diverse nation in the world!
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Pranjal is highly jovial by heart, full of bright ideas and leading a colorful life person. She is currently pursuing her graduation from lakshmibai college, University of Delhi and a keen learner who have a constant desire to learn more and more.