Ever thought about a lightweight and easily constructed house?!
Trullo is just that! Come, let’s know more!
1) A trullo (plural, trulli) is a traditional Apulian dry stone hut with a conical roof. The construction style is specific to the Itria Valley, in the Murge area of the Italian region of Apulia.
2) Trulli were generally constructed as temporary field shelters and storehouses or as permanent dwellings by small proprietors or agricultural labourers. In the town of Alberobello, in the province of Bari, whole districts contain dense concentrations of trulli.
3) There are many theories about the origin of the design. In Apulia, people built dry stone walls because of high property taxes, so the walls could be quickly dismantled when the tax inspectors came.
4) The area of Alberobello appears in historical records almost exclusively as selva but is sometimes referred to as land from which grazing animals were prohibited. Before the seventeenth century, no houses were known to have existed in the area.
5) Trullos are essentially rural buildings. Due to its thick walls and incapacity to construct multi-storey buildings, it wastes ground space and is thus unsuitable for high-density settlements.
6) Despite being constructed of small stones, it has the flexibility and adaptability of form, making it most useful in urban settings with tight spaces.
7) Trullo domes were constructed in the countryside individually or in groups of five, or sometimes even as large farmyard clusters of twelve or twenty, but never for more than one family.
8) construction materials could range from hard limestone to calcareous tufa based on the region.
9) Traditionally, Trullo is built without mortar or cement, using dry stone masonry. A majority of fields are separated by dry-stone walls in the surrounding countryside as well.
Trullo is a very intriguing piece of architecture! Comment more on such types of houses you would like us to cover!