First yeast arose millions of years ago, and in today’s world 1500 species have been recognised. What more do you know about this fungal species? Explore below.
1. These are single-celled microorganisms that can’t be seen from the naked eye belonging to the Kingdom Fungi.
2. There are 1,500 species of yeasts. While most of them are a part of the Phylum Ascomycota, some also belong to the Phylum Basidiomycota.
3. These are eukaryotic organisms. Thus they depend on an external source for energy, which they obtain by digesting other cells or sugar in food.
4. They measure about 3-4µm in diameter and reproduce either by asexual reproduction involving mitosis or by budding, a process in which a small bud-like outgrowth is formed on the parent cell.
5. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is known as the baker’s or brewer’s. These are used for the fermentation process, as it digests the carbohydrates and converts them into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
6. Baker’s yeast is of two types: fresh and dry yeast. Dry is the one that is already activated and is directly added to the baking mixture after dissolving it in water.
8. The smaller air spaces are seen in a fluffy case. These are a result of the carbon dioxide produced by the yeast. Although baking soda is an alternative to baker’s yeast.
9. Brewer’s yeast is available in a wet form. It is mostly used to make beer, thus also known as beer yeast, it is used to convert the carbohydrates in a liquid to ethanol.
Yeast has a peculiar and specific taste. More specifically, it has a very sour and raw smell. It possesses several health-benefits that support the immune system and provide energy.
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A creative soul with a zeal to know the why & how behind everything and anything, I am Bhavyaa Aggarwal a foodie by heart & an optimistic by will.